Job Interview Types
Forms of a Job Interview
There are several forms of a job interview with varying degrees of formality, but in essence, they consist of a conversation, allowing the employer to get to know you and for you to see what they are like.
Whilst interviews can be nerve-wracking experiences, it should be remembered that the interviewer is only human and it is possible that they are nervous also. Enter with a confident air, be friendly and open, most importantly don't forget to breathe. Also, prepare yourself by implementing some job interview tips.
This will probably be your first direct contact with the company and will give you an insight into its workings and the chance to meet with its personnel to see if it is a place that you would like to work.
The job interviews are your chance to back up in person everything that the employer has read about you in your CV, Curriculum Vitae, resume, cover letter or job application.
These same keywords you used in your resume, CV or cover letter will be the foundation for your job interview. You must be able to talk about them in strong and powerful statements that highlight your successes, contributions and achievements.
If you are prepared for the job interview, dress and behave as in dress codes, you will be able to promote your qualifications effectively as you respond to questions, particularly about yourself, why you want the job and what you can contribute to the company
Maintain eye contact while talking with someone
One-on-one job interview
To get to this stage you would have succeeded in qualifying the preliminary screening processes. The selection process will have been narrowed down and the company has recognized you as an attractive prospect. Usually, this interview will be carried out by the department supervisor, but sometimes with human resources personnel. Be prepared for all types of interview questions, particularly about yourself in detail, why you want the job and what you can contribute to the company.
In advance of the interview prepare yourself, carry out research into what the company do and think of some questions you want to ask.
Do not volunteer information that the interviewer doesn't ask for
Tips: You want them to want you on their team, therefore you have to impress them with your personality, your qualifications and your career ambition. Dress conservatively to impress and arrive punctually, be chatty with plenty of eye contact. Establish a rapport with the interviewer.
Lunch job interview
An interview over lunch will be more casual than in an office, however, do not let down your guard. Make your life easier by not ordering messy food and order something that is in a similar price range to the others in attendance. The decision of whether to smoke or drink alcohol should be based upon the location and what the interviewer is doing.
Tips: Follow the lead of the interviewer in behaviour, tone and ordering.
Screening job interview
A brief meeting with the company was used by them to weed out unqualified and uninterested candidates. Screening interviews occur if there is a huge number of job applicants, however on the whole candidates are rarely asked to attend them. Interviewers are usually human resource professionals and the format is usually that of straight questions and answers.
Tips: Confirm to the interviewer what they have already read in your resume or CV, do not deviate from the truth. Providing facts is more important than building a rapport.
Telephone job interview
Sometimes if a candidate lives a great distance from the offices of the company then it may not be practical to attend preliminary interviews in person. In this case, an interview can be conducted on the telephone. Alternatively, some companies use telephone interviews as a screening process to eliminate the weaker candidates early on. A telephone interview is not to be treated as an easier option, it should be conducted in an equally professional manner as a standard interview and the same rules apply. The only difference is that your body language no longer applies.
Do not let the interviewer totally lead the conversation, if it is an appropriate push for a face to face meeting saying something like "I would appreciate an opportunity to meet with you in person so we can both better evaluate each other. I am free either Tuesday afternoon or Wednesday morning. Which would be better for you?"
How to behave: Talk effectively in a clear voice, answer the interviewer's questions precisely, try to elaborate without talking too much, exude controlled professionalism and smile.
Group job interview
Often group interviews are used to introduce the company and describe the job to an assembled audience of candidates. As this form of interview is not one-on-one there is not so much pressure on an individual candidate, however, the aim is to stand out from the crowd and be noticed.
Tips: Ask questions, speak to company personnel afterwards to establish a brief rapport.
Committee or Panel interview
Companies use this method when hiring for advanced positions or if they are just feeling nasty. During committee interviews candidates are questioned by several companies personnel at once, this can be daunting but try to keep cool. Be sure to impress all of the interviewers, do not cater to just what one or two want to hear.
Tips: When an interviewer addresses you with a question, respond to the person that asked that question, while being conscious of how the others will interpret what you are saying.
Deliberate attempts to unnerve you
Interviewers may try to test your nerve to see how you handle yourself under pressure. The interview may start out in a relaxed fashion with standard questions being posed, then the interviewer may change tack to launch into a hostile assault, for example, 'So you failed your A-levels, what makes you think you can handle the pace at our company?' You should be prepared for this and when it comes don't take it personally. Calmly answer each question as it comes.
Always ask questions because this demonstrates your prior research and interest in the job, except questions about salary or benefits unless the interviewer broaches the subject first. Check an article on salary interview questions.
Other Job Interview Types Info
Hopefully, you received an invitation to a job interview. So, now you need:
- Look at job interview tips and other job interview skills,
- Dress appropriately as suggested in the international dress code,
- Check the job interview tips dos and don'ts,
- Find out why people are not being hired.
Follow up your job interview with a thank you letter. Employers regard this as an indication of your strong interest in the position.
We strongly believe that if you followed all steps in finding jobs to this step, you will pass the job interview and get the job you wanted. Now you need to know How to Keep Your Job!
Good luck with all the job interview types!